Potassium K Kalium (K)

Potassium K
 kalium (K)


Contents of the page
What is the potassium assay K
Warnings
Screening results
Analysis of the results
In this attempt the concentration of potassium k inward the serum is examined. Potassium is the near mutual cation within cells together with plays an of import role inward maintaining the electrical residue on the jail cellular telephone surface. Potassium is of groovy importance inward the procedure of communication betwixt dissimilar cells inward the nervous arrangement together with communication betwixt nerves together with muscles. It is also of import inward the procedure of transporting signals together with nutrient from exterior the jail cellular telephone into it.

Aldosterone, which causes the liberate of potassium inward the urine when it rises, keeps cation when it is low.

Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 slight modify inward marker may accept real serious consequences: malfunction of the nervous arrangement together with muscles together with serious disorders of the see rhythm.

Warnings
Public
Blood haemorrhage at the site of taking blood (if this occurs, H2O ice should last placed on the area)

During pregnancy:
There are no problems or particular effects.

Breast feeding:
There are no problems or particular effects.

Children together with infants
There are no problems or particular effects.

Elderly:
There are no problems or particular effects.

Driving:
There are no problems or particular effects.

Drugs that deport upon the resultant of the examination
These drugs may deport upon the marker of potassium inward the blood: blockers (ACE), blockers (B) (Beta blockers), dacton (Aldactone), (slow K).

Drugs that heighten the marker of potassium: potassium penicillin, glucose.

 Drugs that cut back the marker of potassium: diuretics, amphotericin (B) (Amphotericin B), tetracycline (Tetracyclin), insulin (Insulin), Ventolin (Ventolin), Breklin (Bricalin), (Kayexalat).

Hemolysis inward the attempt subway scheme may effort a imitation increase inward the potassium level. It is hence recommended to usage a large needle, non to tighten the security to a greater extent than or less the vein every bit good much, together with to post blood to the laboratory at in 1 trial later taking it.

Screening results
In men
Sound results:

 3.5 – 5.2meg / L

In women
Sound results:

 3.5 – 5.2meg / L

In children
Sound results:

 3.5 – 5.2meg / L

Analysis of the results
Low marker (hypokalemia-Hypokalaemia): Low potassium marker ordinarily stems from its loss inward urine due to taking diuretic drugs, diarrhea together with vomiting, secretions from a gastrointestinal tumor, high marker of aldosterone, Cushing’s syndrome, or excess consumption of licorice.

 Another rare status is congenital syndrome causing bouts of hypokalemia together with paralysis.

The modify inward blood acidity may also deport upon the serum potassium level, because changing the concentration of hydrogen ions leads to a modify inward the concentration of potassium ions: for example, when the trunk wants to restore the basal blood to normal, it removes hydrogen ions from cells together with inward plough enters ions. Potassium into the cells leading to a lack of blood. But inward this instance the decrease inward the amount of potassium inward the trunk is non real, but this lack of potassium inward the blood is the resultant of a modify inward the concentration of potassium exterior the jail cellular telephone together with non inside.

High marker (Hyperkalemia) may resultant from tissue destruction, next exposure to muscular crush (Rhabdomyolysis), hemolysis, renal inability to excrete potassium (such every bit kidney failure), hyperacidosis, Edison’s disease, together with a rare syndrome called Hyperkalemic periodic paralysis. Not to last confused, every bit this syndrome may gain off amongst a high or depression marker of potassium, every bit good every bit medications such every bit aldactone, blockers (slow K), (ACE).

Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 modify inward the potassium marker may Pb to weakness together with an arrhythmia (Arrhythmia). Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 slight modify inward the potassium marker may Pb to changes inward the electrocardiogram (ECG), together with so ECGs are used to assess the seriousness of the modify inward the concentration of cations. After diagnosing a modify inward the marker of potassium the patient must last admitted to the hospital, starting fourth dimension handling together with at the same fourth dimension demeanour tests to diagnose the effort of these changes.

By Dr Mahad Shah
Ms Productions